The G8 Summit is an annual meeting of the leaders of Japan, U.S., England, France, Germany, Italy, Canada, and Russian in addition to the President of the European Committee.
Through unofficial and free discussions, decisions are made on numerous issues, such as economic and social issues that the international community faces, and the results of are summarized in declarations.
Unlike other international forums, the summit does not have a secretariat. And, since the decisions are made top-down by leaders who are in a position to view things in a comprehensive and inter-related manner, it is possible to quickly make appropriate decisions and take appropriate steps.
It has become an established custom for a commemorative photograph of the summit to be taken. And, there are rules on the position of leaders in the figure.
The leader of the host country stands in the center, and on his right and left, leaders stand in order of the length of their time in office. Leaders who have only been in office for a short time are at the ends.
Since among countries throughout the world, Japanese leaders are in office for an extremely short time, they are often at the end. However, there was a time when Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, who served for a relatively long time, stood near the middle of the group.
There are also rules regarding the order that the national flags of the eight countries and the EU are placed.
The flag of the host county is placed on the far left, followed by the flags of countries with presidents (in order of time in office), followed by the flags of countries with prime ministers (in order of time in office), with the flag for the EU on the far right.