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2008 G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit

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Hokkaido Toyako Summit - Introduction to Participating Countries


Change in participant countries - From G6 to G8

yG6zBased on a plan by the president of France at the time, Valery Giscard d'Estaing, the leaders of Japan, U.S., England, France, Germany, and Italy met for the first G6 Summit in the castle of Rambouillet, which is located in the suburbs of Paris, in November 1975.

yG7zStarting with the 1976 Puerto Rico Summit, Canada participated, and starting with the 1977 London Summit, the president of the European Community (EC) attended (Currently, Commission President of the European Union (EU) attends, forming the G7).

yG8zAfter that, in response to (changes in) the international situation following the end to the Cold War, there was a decision to hold meetings between the leaders of the various countries and the Russian leader outside the framework of the summit, after the summit was completed. Starting with the 1997 Denver Summit, Russia basically participated in all events, excluding certain sessions such as those on finance and the global economy. Then, agreement was reached to make the summit fully G8 starting with the 2003 Evian Summit, and Russia was included in all economic meetings, including those related to the global economy.

*Starting with the 1998 Birmingham Summit, the name of the summit was changed from the traditional G7 Summit to the G8 Summit.
*G8 stands for the gGroup of 8.h


Japan

Japanese national flag

The flag, which is called the hi-no-maru (sun disk) or nishoki (sun flag) flag, is based on the image of a rising sun and has been used in various situations including as a flag for warlords during the Warring States period.

Data:
Capital
Tokyo
Area
377,837km²
Population
127,767,000 people (as of September 2007)
Language
Japanese
Currency
Yen
From Japan:
Narita - Narita: traveling time of 0 hours
National sports:
Sumo, Martial arts (Judo, Kendo)
Typical tourist sites:
Tokyo - Tokyo Tower, Asakusa, Akihabara, Tsukiji, etc.;
Kyoto - Kinkaku-ji (Golden Pavilion), Kiyomizu Temple, Nijo Castle, etc.;
Hokkaido - (Sapporo) Snow Festival, Sapporo Clock Tower; (near Sapporo) Toyako,Niseko, Noboribetsu Onsen; Otaru, Hakodate
Typical souvenirs:
Japanese dolls, T-shirts written in Japanese, small carved items, Japanese fans, geta (wooden sandals), wooden chopsticks, lantern
Food:
[Sushi]
Fresh typical sushi and edomae sushi can be found at the Tsukiji market located in the center of Tokyo. Recently, the market has become popular among many foreigners as a tourist spot.


Russia

Russia national flag

The flag was used as the national flag for Imperial Russia. After the 1917 revolution, the national flag was changed with the countryfs birth as a socialist country. However, after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the former flag was revived.

Data:
Capital
Moscow
Area
17,075,200km²
Population
142,893,540 people (2005 estimate)
Language
Russian and others
Currency
Ruble
From Japan:
Narita - Moscow: traveling time of 10 hours
Time difference from Japan:around 6 hours
National sports:
Sambo, ice hockey
Typical tourist spots:
Black sea;Moscow - Kremlin; Saint Petersburg - The State Hermitage Museum
Typical souvenirs:
Vodka, caviar, matryoshka (a set of dolls of decreasing sizes placed one inside another),
khokhloma (wooden spoons with an undercoat of black and red painted with pictures of flowers and fruit, such as strawberries),
platok (In Japan, it would be comparable to a scarf with large pictures of flowers on them. In addition to protecting the wearer from the cold, the scarves are used to cover onefs head at locations such as churches.)
Food:
[Borsch]
Borsch is enjoyed as one of the worldfs top three soups. It is a hearty soup of boiled meat and vegetables with a bright red color. It is normally served hot, but during the summer it may be served cold.
[Piroshki]
In addition to being a traditional Russian home-cooked dish, piroshkis are common food that can be purchased throughout cities and are now even sold at fast food restaurants.


U.S

U.S national flag

The U.S. national flag is called the Stars and Stripes. The red and white stripes correspond to the number of states at the time of independence. The 50 stars represent the present number of states. Hawaii is the 50th state.

Data:
Capital
Washington D.C.
Area
9,363,520km²
Population
300,007,900 people
Language
English, Spanish
Currency
U.S. dollar
From Japan:
Narita - Washington: traveling time of 12 hours and 35 minutes
Time difference from Japan:around 15 hours
National sports:
American football, baseball, basketball, ice hockey
Typical tourist spots:
Los Vegas, Statue of Liberty, Times Square, Lincoln Memorial, Grand Canyon, Hollywood sign, Whitehouse
Typical souvenirs:
Mixed nuts, chocolate, wine, dream catcher, etc.
Food:
[Hot dog]
It is typical to eat hot dogs while walking since they are sold from small carts in the centers of cities.


France

France national flag

The national flag is called the tricolore, and the three colors represent freedom, equality, and fraternity. It was created by combining the white of the Bourbon monarch and the blue and red of the city of Paris.

Data:
Capital
Paris
Area
543,965km²
Population
64,102,140 people
Language
French, Breton, and Provancal
Currency
Euro
From Japan:
Narita - Paris: traveling time of 12 hours and 15 minutes
Time difference from Japan:around 8 hours
National sports:
Fencing, petanque (a ball sport), savate (French style boxing)
Typical tourist spots:
Paris - Arc de Triomphe, Eiffel Tower, Opera House; Versailles Palace; Mont Saint-Michel; Monaco
Typical souvenirs:
Wine, cheese, tea (earl gray), miniatures of the Eiffel tower or Arc de Triomphe
Food:
[Cheese]
France is known as the kingdom of cheese, and there are more than 400 types of cheese.


Germany

Germany national flag

The national flag of West Germany was adopted as the national flag of Germany after unification in 1990. The design is based on the black uniforms, red epaulets, and gold ribbon of the volunteer soldiers who fought against Napoleon in 1813.

Data:
Capital
Berlin
Area
356,970km²
Population
82,424,609 people
Language
German
Currency
Euro
From Japan:/DT>
Narita - Frankfort (Germany) - Berlin: traveling time of 12 hours and 50 minutes
Time difference from Japan: around 8 hours
National sports:
Handball, soccer, table tennis, schlagball (Germany-style baseball)
Typical tourist spots:
Pilgrimage church of Wies, Neuschwanstein Castle (the model for Disneyfs Cinderellafs castle), palaces and parks in Potsdam and Berlin
Typical souvenirs:
Baumkuchen Haribo (the largest manufacturer of gummi candy in the world), PUMA products, tea, herb tea, chocolate, wine, beer
Food:
[Sausage]
There are many small stalls that sell sausages, and grilled sausages, which are served in a roll, are great.


Canada

Canada National Flag

The maple leaf in the middle of the flag has been the national symbol since the 18th century. The red on the right and left represents the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean, which the country faces.

Data:
Capital
Ottawa
Area
9,970,610km²
Population
32,507,874 people
Language
English, French
Currency
Canadian dollar
From Japan:
Narita - Chicago (U.S.) Ottawa: traveling time of 13 hours and 10 minutes
Time difference from Japan: around 14 hours
National sports:
Lacrosse, ice hockey, Canadian football (Canadian version of American football)
Typical tourist spots:
Niagara Falls, Vancouver (that will host the 2010 Winter Olympics), Canadian Rockies, and the old city of Montreal
Typical souvenirs:
Maple syrup, Canadian wine, ice wine, native Canadian traditional crafts, cheese, salmon
Food:
[Lobster]
Lobster from the beautiful port city of Halifax on the east coast is extremely popular;
[Salmon]
One should eat fresh salmon as sushi.


Italy

Italy National Flag

In 1796, Francefs Napoleon unified Italy, and the blue part of the French flag at the time was changed to green. The green represents freedom, white, equality, and red, fraternity.

Data:
Capital
Rome
Area
301,323km²
Population
58,057,477 people
Language
Italian
Currency
Euro
From Japan:
Narita - Rome: traveling time of 12 hours and 40 minutes
Time difference from Japan: around 8 hours
National sports:
Calcio (soccer), volley ball, formula racing
Typical tourist spots:
Rome - Spanish steps, Saint Peters Cathedral, Vatican Art Museum, Colosseum;
Florence - Uffizi Museum, Ferrari Specialty Shop, Palazzo Medici Riccardi;
Milan - Cathedral, Last Supper, Leonardo de Vinci Art Museum, La Scala Cinema;
Venice - Saint Marks Square, gondola
Typical souvenirs:
Olive oil, cheese, pasta, wine, chocolate
Food:
[Pizza]
(Rome pizza) very popular with thin crust,
(Napoli pizza) filling with a thick quest;
[Gelato]
There are gelato stores everywhere in Rome.


England

England National flag

The flag, which is referred to as the Union Jack, was created in 1801 by combining the flags of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Data:
Capital
London
Area
244,110km²
Population
60,270,708 people
Language
English, Welsh
Currency
English pound
From Japan:
Narita - London: traveling time of 12 hours and 10 minutes
Time difference from Japan: around 9 hours
National sports:
Soccer, rugby, cricket
Typical tourist spots:
British Museum, Buckingham Palace (changing of the guards), London Tower, Westminster Abby
Typical souvenirs:
Miniature version of double-decker bus, teddy bear, Ridgeway tea, Walkers shortbread
Food:
[Fish and Chips]
Fish and Chips are one of the commonersf food typical of England and is an easy-to-eat food, a type of fast food;
[Roast beef]
Roast beef is one of the traditional English meat dishes. It is traditionally served as the main dish eaten on Sunday afternoon.


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